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Theories of Intelligence

There are many different perceptions of intelligence. The one that is, perhaps, most familiar to us is that intelligence is a single entity that can be measured through an intelligence test. However, there are many other theories about the nature of intelligence. The theory that we discuss most in Educational Psychology is Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences.

Gardner, a professor at Harvard University, proposes that people can be intelligent in different ways. Specifically, he has proposed eight major intelligences, as follows:

Another theory of intelligence that is of interest to educators is Sternberg's Triarchic Theory. Sternberg hypothesized that intelligence depends on the interplay of three factors, namely Environmental Context, Prior Experience, and Cognitive Processes.




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